AMER , the known palace with unknown truths.

Amer is a cloud of beauty,

It is a sand of reign,

It’s the wind of rulers,

And a chamber of secrets.

This beautiful palace was  constructed by RAJA MAN SINGH SON OF BAGWAN DAS AND GRANDSON OF RAJA BHARMAL .

It has a architecture of red sand stones and white marble.

AMER was earlier known as ambikeshwara (ambavati) then amber and now amer.

AMER…its not just a palace but a entire city in itself, AMER was the capital of old city DHUNDAR before the emergence of jaipur.

You  just wont surpass this beauty while passing the road, this monument is located on the peak of the hill 11 kms away from pink city and it tends to be the principle tourist attraction.

The land of amer wasn’t under RAJPUTS or MUGHALS or CHAUHANS but, it was owned by MEENAS.

WHICH WAS LATER CONQUERED BY KACHCHWAHA CLAN (RAJPUTS).

Did you know about it?

The construction of this epic architecture was done by five consecutive generations. Starting from RAJA MAN SINGH (MAN SINGH 1).

Succeeded by his son MIRZYA  JAI SINGH (JAI SINGH 1).

Continued by his descendent RAJA RAM SINGH.

His successor was RAJA VISHAN SINGH.

AND, the last ruler of amer was SAWAI JAI SINGH (JAI SINGH 2).

SAWAI JAI SINGH was the first ruler whose name was given the prefix SAWAI , which means PRUDENT,SPONTANEOUS AND ,THE MOST KNOWLEDGEBLE

SAWAI, THIS PREFIX WAS GIVEN BY AURANGZEB TO JAI SINGH AS HE WAS VERY MUCH IMPRESSED BY JAI SINGH’S  INTELLIGENCE, HENCE AFTER THIS ALL THE COMING GENERATIONS INHERITED SAWAI AS THEIR PREFIX IN THE NAME.

SAWAI JAI SINGH LAID THE FOUNDATION OF JAIPUR IN 1727 AD….. THAT IS WHY WE CALL IT JAIPUR IN THE NAME OF JAI SINGH.

The architecture of amer is not restricted to deewan-e-aam (COURT OF PUBLIC)

This was constructed by raja man singh to hear the grievences  of public (aam janta).

 deewan-e-khass (HALL OF CABINET MEETINGS)

it was started by MIRZYA JAI SINGH (JAI SINGH 1 IN 1639 AD).

Continued by RAJA RAM SINGH and later by RAJA VISHAN SINGH and the final touch to dewaan-e-khaas was given by SAWAI JAI SINGH IN 1727, AND AFTER THAT HE FOUNDED JAIPUR ON 18 NOVEMBER 1727.

AND,

SHEESH MAHAL , (the palace of mirrors) this is a outstandin gly beautiful peace of creativity the basic logic behind the creation of SHEESH MAHAL is that AT THE TIME OF RULERS THEIR WAS NO ELECTRICITY TO BE AVAILED SO TO GET RID OF DARKNESS SHEESH MAHAL WAS CREATED SO THAT WHEN AN EARTHEN LAMP WOULD BE LIGHTEN ITS REFLECTION WOULD CREATE SUFFICIENT LIGHT IN ENTIRE PALACE.

 BUT,

IT HAS A LOT MORE TO KNOW ABOUT…..

GANESH POL, JALEB CHOWK, SINGH POL, JAI MANDIR, YASH MANDIR, SUHAG MANDIR , ZANANA DYODHI (HINDU MUSLIM ARCHITECTURE), KESAR KYAARI, FEL KHANA( ELEPHANT STABLE) , WATCH TOWERS, 27 KACHEHRI, JAI GARH TUNNEL, QUEENS (GRISHM KAALIN NIWASS KHANA, SHEWAT KAALIN NIWASSS KHANA, VARSHA KAALIK NIWASS KHANA.), WATER DRAWING STRUCTURE.

EVERY SECTION HAS ITS OWN SCIENTIFIC  REASON ITS OWN LOGIC  AND ITS OWN HISTORY.

GANESH POL WAS CREATED AFTER  THE DEMISE OF RAJA MAN SINGH AND THERE STAYED MAN SINGH’S SUCCESSORS.

SUHAG MANDIR IS NOW KNOWN AS WELCOME HALL NOW.. THIS IS THE PLACE WHERE THE QUEENS USED TO WELCOME THE KING AFTER VICTORY.

In amer palace there are three sections for the queens to live in for three different  seasons ;

For summers it was grism kaalin niwass khana, it is just above the sheesh mahal, the mechanism of the grism kaalin niwass khana was that

THE QUEENS USED TO STAY THERE AND THE FRONTIERS OF THEIR ROOMS WERE COVERED BY KHAS-KHAS CURTAINS WHICH WAS POURED ON BY WATER WHICH PROVIDED NATURAL AIR CONDITIONING.

IN WINTERS IT WAS SHWET KAALIN NIWASS KHANA WHICH IS DEEP INSIDE THE SHEESH MAHAL.

AND IN MOONSOON IT WAS VARSHA KAALIN NIWAAS KHANA WHICH IS ADORNED BY DIFFERENT SWINGS FOR QUEENS RESIDING THERE.

WATCH TOWERS… THEY WERE CONSTRUCTED FOR THE SECURITY REASONS THERE ARE FOUR WATCH TOWERS IN FOUR CORNERS OF EVERY SECTION.

WATER DRAWING STRUCTURE..THERE IS A DIAGONAL STRUCTURE MADE FROM THAT TIME TO MAKE WATER PULLING POSSIBLE AND EASIER.

IN AMER THEIR WERE 12 QUEENS OF RAJA MAN SINGH (1st ) ALL OF THEM WERE DIVIDED IN FOUR DIRECTIONS

THREE OF THEM IN NORTH

THREE OF THEM IN SOUTH

THREE IN EAST AND THREE IN WEST.

AND THEY HAD HARAM KHANAS ATTACHED WITH THEM.

OUT OF ALL THE 12 QUEENS OF RAJA MAN SINGH THE MAIN QUEEN OR THE MAHARANI WAS KANKAWATI WHO ALSO HAD A HAMAMKHANA( royal bath tub) IN FRONT OF HER BEDROOM.

 

EMERGENCE OF AMER.

EARLIER AMER LAND WAS UNDER MEENAS (KUTIALGARH)  WHICH WAS DEFEATED BY THE KACHCHWAHA CLAN.

BEFORE THE FOUNDATION OF AMER RAJA MAN SINGH AND HIS ANCESTORS RESIDED IN UDHGAM, IN THE OLD CITY DHUNDAR.

SO THIS WAS A BRIEF ABOUT AMER…

TO ANSWER MORE OF YOUR QUESTIONS LIKE.

HOW MANY SECRETS DOES AMER HAVE?

WHAT WAS THE LIFESTYLE OF RULERS WHO LIVED IN AMER?

WAS AMER THE WAY AMER IS?

THERE IS ONE SOLUTION…

VISIT AMER.


By :- Reshu Sharma 



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